Linux Basics: Create Network Bonding On CentOS 7/6.5

What is Network bonding?

Network bonding is a method of combining (joining) two or more network interfaces together into a single interface. It will increase the network throughput, bandwidth and will give redundancy. If one interface is down or unplugged, the other one will keep the network traffic up and alive. Network bonding can be used in situations wherever you need redundancy, fault tolerance or load balancing networks.

Linux allows us to bond multiple network interfaces into single interface using a special kernel module named bonding. The Linux bonding driver provides a method for combining multiple network interfaces into a single logical “bonded” interface. The behaviour of the bonded interfaces depends upon the mode; generally speaking, modes provide either hot standby or load balancing services. Additionally, link integrity monitoring, may be performed.

Types of Network Bonding

According the to the official documentation, here is the types of network bonding modes.

mode=0 (balance-rr)

Round-robin policy: It the default mode. It transmits packets in sequential order from the first available slave through the last. This mode provides load balancing and fault tolerance.

mode=1 (active-backup)

Active-backup policy: In this mode, only one slave in the bond is active. The other one will become active, only when the active slave fails. The bond’s MAC address is externally visible on only one port (network adapter) to avoid confusing the switch. This mode provides fault tolerance.

mode=2 (balance-xor)

XOR policy: Transmit based on [(source MAC address XOR’d with destination MAC address) modulo slave count]. This selects the same slave for each destination MAC address. This mode provides load balancing and fault tolerance.

mode=3 (broadcast)

Broadcast policy: transmits everything on all slave interfaces. This mode provides fault tolerance.

mode=4 (802.3ad)

IEEE 802.3ad Dynamic link aggregation. Creates aggregation groups that share the same speed and duplex settings. Utilizes all slaves in the active aggregator according to the 802.3ad specification.

Prerequisites:

– Ethtool support in the base drivers for retrieving the speed and duplex of each slave.
– A switch that supports IEEE 802.3ad Dynamic link aggregation. Most switches will require some type of configuration to enable 802.3ad mode.

mode=5 (balance-tlb)

Adaptive transmit load balancing: channel bonding that does not require any special switch support. The outgoing traffic is distributed according to the current load (computed relative to the speed) on each slave. Incoming traffic is received by the current slave. If the receiving slave fails, another slave takes over the MAC address of the failed receiving slave.

Prerequisite:

– Ethtool support in the base drivers for retrieving the speed of each slave.

mode=6 (balance-alb)

Adaptive load balancing: includes balance-tlb plus receive load balancing (rlb) for IPV4 traffic, and does not require any special switch support. The receive load balancing is achieved by ARP negotiation. The bonding driver intercepts the ARP Replies sent by the local system on their way out and overwrites the source hardware address with the unique hardware address of one of the slaves in the bond such that different peers use different hardware addresses for the server.

In this handy tutorial let us see how to setup network bonding on CentOS 7 and CentOS 6.5. Though it was tested on CentOS, it should work on RHEL and Scientific Linux 6.x versions.

First, we will setup network bonding on CentOS 7.

1. Setting up Network Bonding on CentOS 7

I have three network interfaces in my CentOS 7 system, namely:

  1. enp0s3;
  2. enp0s8;
  3. enp0s9.

Let us combine two NICs (enp0s8, and enp0s9) and make them into one NIC named bond0.

Configure Bond0 Interface

In CentOS 7, the bonding module is not loaded by default. Enter the following command as root user to enable it.

modprobe --first-time bonding

You can view the bonding module information using command:

modinfo bonding

Sample output:

filename:       /lib/modules/3.10.0-123.el7.x86_64/kernel/drivers/net/bonding/bonding.ko
alias:          rtnl-link-bond
author:         Thomas Davis, [email protected] and many others
description:    Ethernet Channel Bonding Driver, v3.7.1
version:        3.7.1
license:        GPL
srcversion:     E52AE00A79EA6FEFB5BF718
depends:        
intree:         Y
vermagic:       3.10.0-123.el7.x86_64 SMP mod_unload modversions 
signer:         CentOS Linux kernel signing key
sig_key:        BC:83:D0:FE:70:C6:2F:AB:1C:58:B4:EB:AA:95:E3:93:61:28:FC:F4
sig_hashalgo:   sha256
parm:           max_bonds:Max number of bonded devices (int)
parm:           tx_queues:Max number of transmit queues (default = 16) (int)
parm:           num_grat_arp:Number of peer notifications to send on failover event (alias of num_unsol_na) (int)
parm:           num_unsol_na:Number of peer notifications to send on failover event (alias of num_grat_arp) (int)
parm:           miimon:Link check interval in milliseconds (int)
parm:           updelay:Delay before considering link up, in milliseconds (int)
parm:           downdelay:Delay before considering link down, in milliseconds (int)
parm:           use_carrier:Use netif_carrier_ok (vs MII ioctls) in miimon; 0 for off, 1 for on (default) (int)
parm:           mode:Mode of operation; 0 for balance-rr, 1 for active-backup, 2 for balance-xor, 3 for broadcast, 4 for 802.3ad, 5 for balance-tlb, 6 for balance-alb (charp)
parm:           primary:Primary network device to use (charp)
parm:           primary_reselect:Reselect primary slave once it comes up; 0 for always (default), 1 for only if speed of primary is better, 2 for only on active slave failure (charp)
parm:           lacp_rate:LACPDU tx rate to request from 802.3ad partner; 0 for slow, 1 for fast (charp)
parm:           ad_select:803.ad aggregation selection logic; 0 for stable (default), 1 for bandwidth, 2 for count (charp)
parm:           min_links:Minimum number of available links before turning on carrier (int)
parm:           xmit_hash_policy:balance-xor and 802.3ad hashing method; 0 for layer 2 (default), 1 for layer 3+4, 2 for layer 2+3 (charp)
parm:           arp_interval:arp interval in milliseconds (int)
parm:           arp_ip_target:arp targets in n.n.n.n form (array of charp)
parm:           arp_validate:validate src/dst of ARP probes; 0 for none (default), 1 for active, 2 for backup, 3 for all (charp)
parm:           fail_over_mac:For active-backup, do not set all slaves to the same MAC; 0 for none (default), 1 for active, 2 for follow (charp)
parm:           all_slaves_active:Keep all frames received on an interfaceby setting active flag for all slaves; 0 for never (default), 1 for always. (int)
parm:           resend_igmp:Number of IGMP membership reports to send on link failure (int)

Let us create a bond0 configuration file as shown below.

Go to the directory where CentOS stores the network configuration files. By default RHEL and its clones such as CentOS, Scientific Linux stores the network configuration files under /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ directory.

Log in as root user.

Create bond0 configuration file:

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-bond0

Add the following lines.

DEVICE=bond0
NAME=bond0
TYPE=Bond
BONDING_MASTER=yes
IPADDR=192.168.1.150
PREFIX=24
ONBOOT=yes
BOOTPROTO=none
BONDING_OPTS="mode=1 miimon=100"

Note: Here, BONDING_OPTS describes the bonding mode. In our case, we will be configuring mode1(active-backup). Save and close file. 192.168.1.150 is bond0 IP address.

Configure Network interfaces

Now, we should modify both(enp0s8 & enp0s9) configuration files as shown below. First, let us start from enp0s8.

Edit file /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-enp0s8,

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-enp0s8

Modify the file as shown below.

HWADDR="08:00:27:04:03:86"
TYPE="Ethernet"
BOOTPROTO="none"
DEFROUTE="yes"
PEERDNS="yes"
PEERROUTES="yes"
IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL="no"
IPV6INIT="yes"
IPV6_AUTOCONF="yes"
IPV6_DEFROUTE="yes"
IPV6_PEERDNS="yes"
IPV6_PEERROUTES="yes"
IPV6_FAILURE_FATAL="no"
NAME="enp0s8"
UUID="a97b23f2-fa87-49de-ac9b-39661ba9c20f"
ONBOOT="yes"
MASTER=bond0
SLAVE=yes

Then, Edit file /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-enp0s9,

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-enp0s9

Modify the file as shown below.

HWADDR=08:00:27:E7:ED:8E
TYPE=Ethernet
BOOTPROTO=none
DEFROUTE=yes
PEERDNS=yes
PEERROUTES=yes
IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL=no
IPV6INIT=yes
IPV6_AUTOCONF=yes
IPV6_DEFROUTE=yes
IPV6_PEERDNS=yes
IPV6_PEERROUTES=yes
IPV6_FAILURE_FATAL=no
NAME=enp0s9
UUID=e2352c46-e1f9-41d2-98f5-af24b127b3e7
ONBOOT=yes
MASTER=bond0
SLAVE=yes

Save and close the files.

Now, activate the Network interfaces.

ifup ifcfg-enp0s8
ifup ifcfg-enp0s9

Now, enter the following command to make Network Manager aware the changes.

nmcli con reload

Restart network service to take effect the changes.

systemctl restart network

Test Network Bonding

Now enter the following command to check whether the bonding interface bond0 is up and running:

cat /proc/net/bonding/bond0

Sample output:

Ethernet Channel Bonding Driver: v3.7.1 (April 27, 2011)

Bonding Mode: fault-tolerance (active-backup)
Primary Slave: None
Currently Active Slave: enp0s8
MII Status: up
MII Polling Interval (ms): 100
Up Delay (ms): 0
Down Delay (ms): 0

Slave Interface: enp0s8
MII Status: up
Speed: 1000 Mbps
Duplex: full
Link Failure Count: 0
Permanent HW addr: 08:00:27:5d:ad:75
Slave queue ID: 0

Slave Interface: enp0s9
MII Status: up
Speed: 1000 Mbps
Duplex: full
Link Failure Count: 0
Permanent HW addr: 08:00:27:48:93:cd
Slave queue ID: 0

As you see in the above output, the bond0 interface is up and running and it is configured as active-backup(mode1) mode. In this mode, only one slave in the bond is active. The other one will become active, only when the active slave fails.

To view the list of network interfaces and their IP address, enter the following command:

ip addr

Sample output:

1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN 
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: enp0s3: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 08:00:27:1f:3b:20 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.1.100/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global dynamic enp0s3
       valid_lft 86130sec preferred_lft 86130sec
    inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe1f:3b20/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: enp0s8: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,SLAVE,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast master bond0 state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 08:00:27:5d:ad:75 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
4: enp0s9: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,SLAVE,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast master bond0 state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 08:00:27:5d:ad:75 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
5: bond0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,MASTER,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP 
    link/ether 08:00:27:5d:ad:75 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.1.150/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global bond0
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe5d:ad75/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

That’s it.

Configure multiple IP addresses for bond0

I want to assign multiple IP addresses to bond0 interface. What should i do? Very simple, just create an alias for the bond0 interface and assign multiple IP addresses.

Let me make it more clear. Say for example we want to assign IP address 192.168.1.151 to bond0. To create an alias for bond0, copy the existing configuration file(ifcfg-bond0) to a new configuration file(ifcfg-bond0:1).

cp /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-bond0 /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-bond0:1

Then edit the alias file /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-bond0:1,

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-bond0:1

Modify the device name and IP address as shown below.

DEVICE=bond0:1
NAME=bond0
TYPE=Bond
BONDING_MASTER=yes
IPADDR=192.168.1.151
PREFIX=24
ONBOOT=yes
BOOTPROTO=none
BONDING_OPTS="mode=1 miimon=100"

Here,

  • bond0:1 – Device name
  • 192.168.1.151 – IP address of bond0:1

Save and close the file. Restart network service to take effect the saved changes.

systemctl restart network

Now list out the network interfaces and their IP address using the command:

ip addr

Sample output:

1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN 
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: enp0s3: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 08:00:27:1f:3b:20 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.1.100/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global dynamic enp0s3
       valid_lft 86388sec preferred_lft 86388sec
    inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe1f:3b20/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: enp0s8: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,SLAVE,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast master bond0 state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 08:00:27:5d:ad:75 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
4: enp0s9: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,SLAVE,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast master bond0 state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 08:00:27:5d:ad:75 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
5: bond0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,MASTER,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP 
    link/ether 08:00:27:5d:ad:75 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.1.150/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global bond0
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet 192.168.1.151/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global secondary bond0:1
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe5d:ad75/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

As you above the alias bond0:1 has been created and it’s up now.

2. Setting up Network Bonding on CentOS 6.5

We have seen Network bonding on CentOS 7. Now, we will see how to do it on CentOS 6.x.

I have three network interfaces, namely eth0, eth1 and eth2 in my CentOS 6.5 system. Let us combine two NICs (eth1 and eth2) and make them into one NIC named bond0.

Configure Bond0 Interface

First, let us create a bond0 configuration file as shown below.

Go to the directory where CentOS stores the network configuration files. By default RHEL and its clones such as CentOS, Scientific Linux stores the network configuration files under /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ directory.

Run the following commands as root user.

Create bond0 configuration file under the above mentioned directory.

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-bond0

Add the following lines.

DEVICE=bond0
BOOTPROTO=none
ONBOOT=yes
IPADDR=192.168.1.200
NETWORK=192.168.1.0
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
USERCTL=no
BONDING_OPTS="mode=1 miimon=100"

Note: Here BONDING_OPTS describes the bonding mode. In our case, we will be configuring mode1(active-backup). Save and close file. 192.168.1.200 is bond0 IP address.

Next we have to load up the bond0 interface into the kernel. To do that, create a new file /etc/modprobe.d/bonding.conf,

vi /etc/modprobe.d/bonding.conf

Add the following line in it.

alias bond0 bonding

Save and close the file.

Configure Network interfaces

Now we should modify both(eth1 & eth2) configuration files as shown below. First, let us start from eth1.

Edit file /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1,

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1

Modify the file as shown below.

DEVICE=eth1
MASTER=bond0
SLAVE=yes
USERCTL=no
ONBOOT=yes
BOOTPROTO=none

Then Edit file /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth2,

# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth2

Modify the file as shown below.

DEVICE=eth2
MASTER=bond0
SLAVE=yes
USERCTL=no
ONBOOT=yes
BOOTPROTO=none

Save and close the files.

Enter the following command to load the bonding module.

modprobe bonding

Restart network service to take effect the changes.

service network restart

Test Network Bonding

Now enter the following command to check whether the bonding interface bond0 is up and running:

cat /proc/net/bonding/bond0

Sample output:

Ethernet Channel Bonding Driver: v3.6.0 (September 26, 2009)

Bonding Mode: fault-tolerance (active-backup)
Primary Slave: None
Currently Active Slave: eth1
MII Status: up
MII Polling Interval (ms): 100
Up Delay (ms): 0
Down Delay (ms): 0

Slave Interface: eth1
MII Status: up
Speed: 1000 Mbps
Duplex: full
Link Failure Count: 0
Permanent HW addr: 08:00:27:fe:6f:bf
Slave queue ID: 0

Slave Interface: eth2
MII Status: up
Speed: 1000 Mbps
Duplex: full
Link Failure Count: 0
Permanent HW addr: 08:00:27:34:17:c0
Slave queue ID: 0

As you see in the above output, the bond0 interface is up and running and it is configured as active-backup(mode1) mode. In this mode, only one slave in the bond is active. The other one will become active, only when the active slave fails.

To view the list of network interfaces and their IP address, enter the following command:

# ifconfig

Sample output:

bond0     Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 08:00:27:FE:6F:BF  
          inet addr:192.168.1.200  Bcast:192.168.1.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::a00:27ff:fefe:6fbf/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MASTER MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:379 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:167 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 
          RX bytes:32354 (31.5 KiB)  TX bytes:24078 (23.5 KiB)

eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 08:00:27:BE:25:49  
          inet addr:192.168.1.101  Bcast:192.168.1.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::a00:27ff:febe:2549/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:1402 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:904 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 
          RX bytes:134823 (131.6 KiB)  TX bytes:124938 (122.0 KiB)

eth1      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 08:00:27:FE:6F:BF  
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING SLAVE MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:285 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:156 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 
          RX bytes:24746 (24.1 KiB)  TX bytes:22956 (22.4 KiB)

eth2      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 08:00:27:FE:6F:BF  
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING SLAVE MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:95 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:12 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 
          RX bytes:7674 (7.4 KiB)  TX bytes:1364 (1.3 KiB)

lo        Link encap:Local Loopback  
          inet addr:127.0.0.1  Mask:255.0.0.0
          inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:16436  Metric:1
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 b)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 b)

As per the above output, bond0 is configured as master; eth1 and eth2 are configured as a slave.

Configure multiple IP addresses for bond0

I want to assign multiple IP addresses to bond0 interface. What should i do? Very simple, just create an alias for the bond0 interface and assign multiple IP addresses.

Let me make it more clear. Say for example we want to assign IP address 192.168.1.201 to bond0. To create an alias for bond0, copy the existing configuration file(ifcfg-bond0) to a new configuration file(ifcfg-bond0:1).

cp /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-bond0 /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-bond0:1

Then edit the alias file /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-bond0:1,

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-bond0:1

Modify the device name and IP address as shown below.

DEVICE=bond0:1
BOOTPROTO=none
ONBOOT=yes
IPADDR=192.168.1.201
NETWORK=192.168.1.0
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
USERCTL=no
BONDING_OPTS="mode=1 miimon=100"

Save and close the file. Restart network service to take effect the saved changes.

service network restart

Now list out the network interfaces and their IP address using the command:

ifconfig

Sample output:

bond0     Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 08:00:27:FE:6F:BF  
          inet addr:192.168.1.200  Bcast:192.168.1.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::a00:27ff:fefe:6fbf/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MASTER MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:1048 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:590 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 
          RX bytes:88622 (86.5 KiB)  TX bytes:84340 (82.3 KiB)

bond0:1   Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 08:00:27:FE:6F:BF  
          inet addr:192.168.1.201  Bcast:192.168.1.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MASTER MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1

eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 08:00:27:BE:25:49  
          inet addr:192.168.1.101  Bcast:192.168.1.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::a00:27ff:febe:2549/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:1422 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:916 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 
          RX bytes:136317 (133.1 KiB)  TX bytes:126150 (123.1 KiB)

eth1      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 08:00:27:FE:6F:BF  
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING SLAVE MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:942 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:581 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 
          RX bytes:80036 (78.1 KiB)  TX bytes:84266 (82.2 KiB)

eth2      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 08:00:27:FE:6F:BF  
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING SLAVE MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:111 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:14 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 
          RX bytes:8916 (8.7 KiB)  TX bytes:1492 (1.4 KiB)

lo        Link encap:Local Loopback  
          inet addr:127.0.0.1  Mask:255.0.0.0
          inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:16436  Metric:1
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 b)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 b)

You should see the alias bond0:1 has been created and up.

Source & Reference Links:

  • Bhv

    Hi, I am trying to create the bond (RHEL-7.2), but the bond and the servers are not up. Even after running the following commands: the interfaces are not up:

    ifup ifcfg-eth3
    61 ifup ifcfg-eth4
    62 nmcli con reload
    63 cat /proc/net/bonding/bond0
    64 systemctl restart network
    65 cat /proc/net/bonding/bond0

    —————————————————————————–

    Ethernet Channel Bonding Driver: v3.7.1 (April 27, 2011)

    Bonding Mode: transmit load balancing
    Primary Slave: None
    Currently Active Slave: None
    MII Status: down
    MII Polling Interval (ms): 100
    Up Delay (ms): 0
    Down Delay (ms): 0

    Slave Interface: eth3
    MII Status: down
    Speed: Unknown
    Duplex: Unknown
    Link Failure Count: 0
    Permanent HW addr: ac:16:2d:xx:xx:xx
    Slave queue ID: 0

    Slave Interface: eth4
    MII Status: down
    Speed: Unknown
    Duplex: Unknown
    Link Failure Count: 0
    Permanent HW addr: 28:80:23:xx:xx:xx
    Slave queue ID: 0