Add Package Management Tool On FreeBSD 10

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In this short tutorial, let us see how to add pkg management tool and install packages on FreeBSD 10.

Check  and  Download  pkg management tool 

root@Freebsd10:~ # pkg -vv
The package management tool is not yet installed on your system.
Do you want to fetch and install it now? [y/N]: y
Bootstrapping pkg from pkg+http://pkg.FreeBSD.org/freebsd:10:x86:32/latest, please wait...
Verifying signature with trusted certificate pkg.freebsd.org.2013102301... done
Installing pkg-1.2.3... done
If you are upgrading from the old package format, first run:
# pkg2ng
Version : 1.2.3
PACKAGESITE :
PKG_DBDIR : /var/db/pkg
PKG_CACHEDIR : /var/cache/pkg
PORTSDIR : /usr/ports
PUBKEY :
HANDLE_RC_SCRIPTS : no
ASSUME_ALWAYS_YES : no
REPOS_DIR : [
/etc/pkg/,
/usr/local/etc/pkg/repos/,
]
PLIST_KEYWORDS_DIR :
SYSLOG : yes
AUTODEPS : yes
ABI : freebsd:10:x86:32
DEVELOPER_MODE : no
PORTAUDIT_SITE : http://portaudit.FreeBSD.org/auditfile.tbz
VULNXML_SITE : http://www.vuxml.org/freebsd/vuln.xml.bz2
MIRROR_TYPE : SRV
FETCH_RETRY : 3
PKG_PLUGINS_DIR : /usr/local/lib/pkg/
PKG_ENABLE_PLUGINS : yes
PLUGINS : [
]
DEBUG_SCRIPTS : no
PLUGINS_CONF_DIR : /usr/local/etc/pkg/
PERMISSIVE : no
REPO_AUTOUPDATE : yes
NAMESERVER :
EVENT_PIPE :
FETCH_TIMEOUT : 30
UNSET_TIMESTAMP : no
SSH_RESTRICT_DIR :
PKG_SSH_ARGS :
PKG_ENV : {
}
DISABLE_MTREE : no
DEBUG_LEVEL : 0
ALIAS : {
}
Repositories:
FreeBSD: {
url : "pkg+http://pkg.FreeBSD.org/freebsd:10:x86:32/latest",
enabled : yes,
mirror_type : "SRV",
signature_type : "FINGERPRINTS",
fingerprints : "/usr/share/keys/pkg"
}
root@Freebsd10:~ #

 How  to use  it ?

root@Freebsd10:~ # pkg
Usage: pkg [-v] [-d] [-l] [-N] [-j <jail name or id>|-c <chroot path>] [-C <configuration file>] [-R <repo config dir>] <command> [<args>]
Global options supported:
 -d Increment debug level
 -j Execute pkg(8) inside a jail(8)
 -c Execute pkg(8) inside a chroot(8)
 -C Use the specified configuration file
 -R Directory to search for individual repository configurations
 -l List available commands and exit
 -v Display pkg(8) version
 -N Test if pkg(8) is activated and avoid auto-activation
Commands supported:
 add Registers a package and installs it on the system
 annotate Add, modify or delete tag-value style annotations on packages
 audit Reports vulnerable packages
 autoremove Removes orphan packages
 backup Backs-up and restores the local package database
 check Checks for missing dependencies and database consistency
 clean Cleans old packages from the cache
 config Display the value of the configuration options
 convert Convert database from/to pkgng
 create Creates software package distributions
 delete Deletes packages from the database and the system
 fetch Fetches packages from a remote repository
 help Displays help information
 info Displays information about installed packages
 install Installs packages from remote package repositories
 lock Locks package against modifications or deletion
 plugins Manages plugins and displays information about plugins
 query Queries information about installed packages
 register Registers a package into the local database
 remove Deletes packages from the database and the system
 repo Creates a package repository catalogue
 rquery Queries information in repository catalogues
 search Performs a search of package repository catalogues
 set Modifies information about packages in the local database
 ssh ssh packages to be used via ssh
 shell Opens a debug shell
 shlib Displays which packages link against a specific shared library
 stats Displays package database statistics
 unlock Unlocks a package, allowing modification or deletion
 update Updates package repository catalogues
 updating Displays UPDATING information for a package
 upgrade Performs upgrades of packaged software distributions
 version Displays the versions of installed packages
 which Displays which package installed a specific file
Commands provided by plugins:
For more information on the different commands see 'pkg help <command>'.
root@Freebsd10:~ #

Test  the  package  nu  to install  bash

root@Freebsd10:~ # pkg install bash
Updating repository catalogue
The following 2 packages will be installed:
 Installing gettext: 0.18.3.1
 Installing bash: 4.2.45
The installation will require 13 MB more space
3 MB to be downloaded
Proceed with installing packages [y/N]: y
gettext-0.18.3.1.txz 100% 2046KB 682.1KB/s 1.1MB/s 00:03
bash-4.2.45.txz 100% 848KB 848.2KB/s 848.2KB/s 00:01
Checking integrity... done
[1/2] Installing gettext-0.18.3.1... done
[2/2] Installing bash-4.2.45... done

For questions please refer to our Q/A forum at : http://ask.unixmen.com/

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