Wine stands for “Wine is not an emulator” and it is an open source software which allows Linux, Mac, FreeBSD, and Solaris users to run Windows applications without a copy of Microsoft Windows. Wine is not a virtual machine or emulator it just provides the binary compatibility. In this artical we will know about the wine installation in Linux.
First check is there any wine package is installed in our machine by using the following command
[[email protected] ~]# rpm -qa|grep wine
If there is any wine version is already installed remove it by using yum remove wine command to avoid some problems when the time of installation and in the running of applications.
Before we proceeding to install wine package we need to install some prerequisites by using the following command
[[email protected] ~]# yum install libX11-devel freetype-devel zlib-devel libxcb-devel
The sample output is like
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: ftp.iitm.ac.in * extras: ftp.iitm.ac.in * updates: ftp.iitm.ac.in Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package freetype-devel.x86_64 0:2.4.11-11.el7 will be installed ---> Package libX11-devel.x86_64 0:1.6.3-2.el7 will be installed --> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(xproto) for package: libX11-devel-1.6.3-2.el7 .x86_64 --> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(kbproto) for package: libX11-devel-1.6.3-2.el7 .x86_64 ---> Package libxcb-devel.x86_64 0:1.11-4.el7 will be installed --> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(xau) >= 0.99.2 for package: libxcb-devel-1. 11-4.el7.x86_64 ---> Package zlib-devel.x86_64 0:1.2.7-15.el7 will be installed --> Running transaction check ---> Package libXau-devel.x86_64 0:1.0.8-2.1.el7 will be installed ---> Package xorg-x11-proto-devel.noarch 0:7.7-12.el7 will be installed --> Finished Dependency Resolution Dependencies Resolved ========================================================================= Package Arch Version Repository Size ========================================================================= Installing: freetype-devel x86_64 2.4.11-11.el7 base 356 k libX11-devel x86_64 1.6.3-2.el7 base 980 k libxcb-devel x86_64 1.11-4.el7 base 1.1 M zlib-devel x86_64 1.2.7-15.el7 base 50 k Installing for dependencies: libXau-devel x86_64 1.0.8-2.1.el7 base 14 k xorg-x11-proto-devel noarch 7.7-12.el7 base 281 k Transaction Summary ========================================================================= Install 4 Packages (+2 Dependent packages) Total download size: 2.7 M Installed size: 7.6 M Is this ok [y/d/N]: y Downloading packages: (1/6): libXau-devel-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64.rpm | 14 kB 00:02 (2/6): freetype-devel-2.4.11-11.el7.x86_64.rpm | 356 kB 00:05 (3/6): zlib-devel-1.2.7-15.el7.x86_64.rpm | 50 kB 00:01 (4/6): xorg-x11-proto-devel-7.7-12.el7.noarch.rpm | 281 kB 00:04 (5/6): libX11-devel-1.6.3-2.el7.x86_64.rpm | 980 kB 00:10 (6/6): libxcb-devel-1.11-4.el7.x86_64.rpm | 1.1 MB 00:14 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total 188 kB/s | 2.7 MB 00:14 Running transaction check Transaction test succeeded Running transaction Installing : xorg-x11-proto-devel-7.7-12.el7.noarch 1/6 Installing : libXau-devel-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 2/6 Installing : libxcb-devel-1.11-4.el7.x86_64 3/6 Installing : zlib-devel-1.2.7-15.el7.x86_64 4/6 Installing : freetype-devel-2.4.11-11.el7.x86_64 5/6 Installing : libX11-devel-1.6.3-2.el7.x86_64 6/6 Verifying : zlib-devel-1.2.7-15.el7.x86_64 1/6 Verifying : freetype-devel-2.4.11-11.el7.x86_64 2/6 Verifying : libxcb-devel-1.11-4.el7.x86_64 3/6 Verifying : xorg-x11-proto-devel-7.7-12.el7.noarch 4/6 Verifying : libX11-devel-1.6.3-2.el7.x86_64 5/6 Verifying : libXau-devel-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 6/6 Installed: freetype-devel.x86_64 0:2.4.11-11.el7 libX11-devel.x86_64 0:1.6.3-2.el7 libxcb-devel.x86_64 0:1.11-4.el7 zlib-devel.x86_64 0:1.2.7-15.el7 Dependency Installed: libXau-devel.x86_64 0:1.0.8-2.1.el7 xorg-x11-proto-devel.noarch 0:7.7-12.el7 Complete! [[email protected] ~]#
After the installation of that change the path to /usr/src folder and then Download the wine package by using as follows
[[email protected] ~]# cd /usr/src [[email protected] src]# wget http://dl.winehq.org/wine/source/1.8/wine-1.8.3.tar.bz2
We can also get the latest version of wine from their official site
After the successful download extract the wine package by using tar command.
[[email protected] src]# tar -xjvf wine-1.8.3.tar.bz2
Then change the path to the wine directory
[[email protected] src]#cd wine-1.8.3/
Now run the configure script
For 32-Bit Systems: # ./configure For 64-Bit Systems: # ./configure --enable-win64
We can find 32 bit or 64 bit by using arch command
After that run the command make
[[email protected] wine-1.8.3]# make
Now run the command make install as follows
[[email protected] wine-1.8.3]# make install
After the installation completes check version by using as follows
On 32-Bit Systems # wine --version On 64-Bit Systems # wine64 –version
When you first time try to run the wine commands it shows the dialogue box to install wine mono installer as shown below
Now we can open the windows application notepad in the Linux by using the wine as follows
For 32-bit systems
[[email protected] ~]# wine notepad
For 64-bit systems
[[email protected] ~]# wine64 notepad
We can get the wine compatibility application list from here, Enjoy the windows programs and games in Linux. Have a fun!