GNU Wget is a free utility for non-interactive download of files from the Web. It supports HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP protocols, as well as retrieval through HTTP proxies. Wget is non-interactive, meaning that it can work in the background, while the user is not logged on. This allows you to start a retrieval and disconnect from the system, letting Wget finish the work. By contrast, most of the Web browsers require constant user’s presence, which can be a great hindrance when transferring a lot of data.
In this post we are going to use wget behind a proxy server. Prorxy servers are mainly found in institutions, workplaces and others, where students and users need to be authenticated in other to have access to the internet sometimes restricted from accessing certain websites.
To use wget get behind a proxy server, all you need is:
- IP address
- Username and Password (Optional in some cases)
Open terminal and run the command below replacing the myipaddress.com with your IP and port respectively.
If you need a username and a password to connect to the proxy server you need to add them separated by a colon (:) as shown below:
export http_proxy="http://username:[email protected]:port/"
The above export only works in the current terminal session. To make this available for other new sessions you can add it to your ~/.bash_profile file
Now open terminal to test.
I my case I tried downloading a Windows .exe file as can be read from the text below:
wget http://josm.openstreetmap.de/download/windows/josm-setup.exe --2015-03-04 14:32:39-- http://josm.openstreetmap.de/download/windows/josm-setup.exe Connecting to 192.168.1.3:8080... connected. Proxy request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 18827245 (18M) [application/x-msdos-program] Saving to: ‘josm-setup.exe’ 100%[======================================>] 18,827,245 163KB/s in 2m 15s 2015-03-04 14:34:54 (136 KB/s) - ‘josm-setup.exe’ saved [18827245/18827245]