We give a brief introduction of Hadoop in previous tutorial, for today we will learn to install Hadoop on multiple nodes, in demonstration scenario we will be using Ubuntu 15.10 as Desktop, we will create 2 Slave or Data Nodes along with 1 Name node. Make sure you have shared ssh public keys with Data nodes and assign appropriate IP addresses, host name and other Hadoop services (we will mention in tutorial) required to run Hadoop multiple cluster node.
we will be using Ubuntu 15.10 as 1 master node, 2 Slave/data nodes. hostname for namenode will be masternode, datanodes will have hostname slave1 and slave2 respectively.
masternode IP address:188.8.131.52
Slave1 IP Address:184.108.40.206
Slave2 IP Address:220.127.116.11
Instillation process is similar to previous tutorial except few changes. First of all let us configure master node .
Define hostname of Namenode
# vim /etc/hostname
Define hosts in /etc/hosts file
# vim /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1 localhost 18.104.22.168 masternode 22.214.171.124 slave1 126.96.36.199 slave2
Configure Hadoop Services
# cd /usr/local/hadoop/etc/hadoop/
# vim /usr/local/hadoop/etc/hadoop/hdfs-site.xml
File will look like below, change replication value to 3.
<configuration> <property> <name>dfs.replication</name> <value>3</value> </property> <property> <name>dfs.namenode.name.dir</name> <value>file:///usr/local/hadoop/hadoopdata/hdfs/namenode</value> </property> </configuration>
Make sure that you possess a namenode directory under /usr/local/hadoop
# mkdir -p /usr/local/hadoop/hadoopdata/hdfs/namenode # sudo chown -R hadoop:hadoop /usr/local/hadoop/
Similarly edit yarn-site.xml, it will look like below, make sure you have assigned hostname of masternode appropriately
# vim yarn-site.xml
<configuration> <property> <name>yarn.nodemanager.aux-services</name> <value>mapreduce_shuffle</value> </property> <property> <name>yarn.resourcemanager.scheduler.address</name> <value>masternode:8030</value> </property> <property> <name>yarn.resourcemanager.address</name> <value>masternode:8032</value> </property> <property> <name>yarn.resourcemanager.webapp.address</name> <value>masternode:8088</value> </property> <property> <name>yarn.resourcemanager.resource-tracker.address</name> <value>masternode:8031</value> </property> <property> <name>yarn.resourcemanager.admin.address</name> <value>masternode:8033</value> </property> </configuration>
Make sure core-site.xml have appropriate hostname
Create a file named slaves under /usr/local/hadoop/etc/hadoop directory and assign hostnames of datanodes
# vim /usr/local/hadoop/etc/hadoop/slaves
Put following entries
Similarly create file named mastersunder same directory hierarchy
# vim /usr/local/hadoop/etc/hadoop/masters
We have a working master node at this stage, let us create 2 slave nodes. We created two clone virtual machines using VirtualBox, first clone is slave1 and second cone is slave2, as this machine is clone of Masternode so we will be having all of the hadoop configuration files (.xml) in ready to use form.
Similarity create another clone for slave2 datanode.
Change IP address to 188.8.131.52
Change hostname to slave1 and reboot the system. Replete the process for another VirtualBox Clone which will be used as slave2,assign IP address 184.108.40.206 to slave2.
Name we have one NameNode (masternode) with IP address 220.127.116.11 and two datanodes (slave1, slave2).
Now switch back to master node and share ssh rsa keys with slave1 and slave2, so that there is no need for ssh passwords.
# ssh-keygen -t rsa # ssh [email protected] "chmod 755 .ssh; chmod 640 .ssh/authorized_keys" # cat .ssh/id_rsa.pub | ssh [email protected] 'cat >> .ssh/authorized_keys' # ssh [email protected] "chmod 755 .ssh; chmod 640 .ssh/authorized_keys"
Reboot all three systems to make sure all things are going smooth.
Edit hdfs-site.xml file of slave1 and slave2 data nodes make sure you have following entries
<configuration> <configuration> <property> <name>dfs.data.dir</name> <value>file:///usr/local/hadoop/hadoopdata/hdfs/datanode</value> </property> </configuration>
Create /usr/local/hadoop/hadoopdata/hdfs/datanode directory on both data nodes
# mkdir -p /usr/local/hadoop/hadoopdata/hdfs/datanode # chown -R hadoop:hadoop /usr/local/hadoop/
Go to Masternode and run start node services
# cd /usr/local/hadoop/sbin && ls
Run all node services
We can see that both of datanodes (slave1, slave2) are working properly.
Run jps command on Masternode
8499 SecondaryNameNode 8922 Jps 8650 ResourceManager
Swith to Slave1 and run jps command again
# ssh [email protected]
Sample output, datanode is working
4373 DataNode 4499 NodeManager 4671 Jps
Similarly in slave2 datanode is working perfectly
Multinode Hadoop Cluster installation process is over at that stage.
Open browser and type
http://18.104.22.168:8088/cluster/nodes <change IP addr in your scenario>
Thats it! Have Fun!!