OpenLDAP Installation and Configuration in Ubuntu 12.10 Server / Debian 6

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OpenLDAP is a free open source Light Weight Directory Access protocol developed by the OpenLDAP project. It is a platform independent protocol, so that it runs on all Linux/Unix like systems, Windows, AIX, Solaris and Android.

In this tutorial i am gonna to show you how to install and configure OpenLDAP server in Ubuntu 12.10 server. Though it is tested on Ubuntu 12.10, it may work on Debian too. In this how-to my testbox details are given below.

Operating System : Ubuntu 12.10 Server
Hostname         : server.unixmen.com
IP Address       : 192.168.1.200

Replace the above values with your own scenario.

Install OpenLDAP in Ubuntu 12.10 server

unixmen@server:~$ sudo apt-get install slapd ldap-utils

During the installtion it will ask the password for LDAP admin account. Enter your admin password here.

unixmen@server: ~_001

Re-enter the password.

unixmen@server: ~_002

Configure OpenLDAP

Open the “/etc/ldap/ldap.conf” file and find and edit the lines as shown below with your domain name and IP Address.

unixmen@server:~$ sudo vi /etc/ldap/ldap.conf
#
# LDAP Defaults
#
# See ldap.conf(5) for details
# This file should be world readable but not world writable.
BASE    dc=unixmen,dc=com
URI     ldap://192.168.1.200
#SIZELIMIT      12
#TIMELIMIT      15
#DEREF          never
# TLS certificates (needed for GnuTLS)
TLS_CACERT      /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt

Run the Configuration assistant.

unixmen@server:~$ sudo dpkg-reconfigure slapd

The following screen should appear. Select “No” and press Enter.

unixmen@server: ~_003

Enter the DNS domain name.

unixmen@server: ~_001

Enter the Organization name(i.e your company name).

unixmen@server: ~_002

Enter the LDAP admin password which you created in the earlier step.

unixmen@server: ~_006

Re-enter the password.

unixmen@server: ~_007

Select the backend database.

unixmen@server: ~_008

Select Yes to delete the database automatically when we are planning to remove LDAP server.

unixmen@server: ~_009.

Select Yes to move old database.

unixmen@server: ~_010

Select No and Press Enter.

unixmen@server: ~_011

LDAP server is up and running now.

Test LDAP server

Enter the following command “ldapsearch -x”, then you will have the following result.

unixmen@server:~$ ldapsearch -x
# extended LDIF
#
# LDAPv3
# base <dc=unixmen,dc=com> (default) with scope subtree
# filter: (objectclass=*)
# requesting: ALL
#

# unixmen.com
dn: dc=unixmen,dc=com
objectClass: top
objectClass: dcObject
objectClass: organization
o: unixmen
dc: unixmen

# admin, unixmen.com
dn: cn=admin,dc=unixmen,dc=com
objectClass: simpleSecurityObject
objectClass: organizationalRole
cn: admin
description: LDAP administrator

# search result
search: 2
result: 0 Success

# numResponses: 3
# numEntries: 2

LDAP Server Administration

Administration of LDAP server in command mode is quite difficult, so that here i have used a easier GUI administration tool called “phpldapadmin”.

Install phpldapadmin

unixmen@server:~$ sudo apt-get install phpldapadmin

Create a symbolic link for phpldapadmin directory.

unixmen@server:~$ sudo ln -s /usr/share/phpldapadmin/ /var/www/phpldapadmin

Now open the “/etc/phpldapadmin/config.php” file and replace the domain names with your own values. Goto “Define LDAP Servers” section in the config file and edit the following lines as shown below.

unixmen@server:~$ sudo vi /etc/phpldapadmin/config.php 
$servers = new Datastore();
$servers->newServer('ldap_pla');
$servers->setValue('server','name','Unixmen LDAP Server');
$servers->setValue('server','host','192.168.1.200');
$servers->setValue('server','base',array('dc=unixmen,dc=com'));
$servers->setValue('login','bind_id','cn=admin,dc=unixmen,dc=com');

Restart the apache service.

unixmen@server:~$ sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Make sure that you have opened apache server port “80″ and LDAP default port “389″ in your firewall/router configuration.

unixmen@server:~$ sudo ufw allow 80
Rules updated
Rules updated (v6)
unixmen@server:~$ sudo ufw allow 389
Rules updated
Rules updated (v6)

Now point your web browser with “http://192.168.1.200/phpldapadmin”. The following screen should appear.

phpLDAPadmin (1.2.2) - - Mozilla Firefox_012

Click “login” on the left pane and make sure the domain details are correct and enter ldap admin password which you have created in the previous steps and press “Authenticate”.

phpLDAPadmin (1.2.2) - - Mozilla Firefox_013

Now the main console screen of phpldapadmin will open. You can see the LDAP domain “unixmen.com” will be found there. Here you can add objects such as Organizational Unit, Users and groups etc.

phpLDAPadmin (1.2.2) - - Mozilla Firefox_011

Sample Configuration

Lets create some sample objects using phpldapadmin interface and check them whether they are presented in the LDAP server configuration.

Click on the “+” sign near the line “dc=unixmen” and click “Create new entry here” link.

Selection_012

Select “Generic-Organizational Unit” and enter the name of the Organizational unit(Ex.sales) and Click “Create Object”.

phpLDAPadmin (1.2.2) - - Mozilla Firefox_014

Click “Commit”.

phpLDAPadmin (1.2.2) - - Mozilla Firefox_015

Now the newly created OU will be found under the main ldap domain.

Selection_016

Click on the sales ou tree on the left pane and click on “Create a child entry”.

Selection_017

Select “Generic:Address book entry”. Enter firstname as “senthil”, last name as “kumar” and Common name(cn) as “senthil kumar” and click “Create Object”.

phpLDAPadmin (1.2.2) - - Mozilla Firefox_018

Click “Commit”.

phpLDAPadmin (1.2.2) - - Mozilla Firefox_019

Now the newly created user “senthil kumar” will be found under “sales” ou.

Selection_020

Also you can verify using the command “ldapsearch -x”.

unixmen@server:~$ ldapsearch -x
# extended LDIF
#
# LDAPv3
# base <dc=unixmen,dc=com> (default) with scope subtree
# filter: (objectclass=*)
# requesting: ALL
#

# unixmen.com
dn: dc=unixmen,dc=com
objectClass: top
objectClass: dcObject
objectClass: organization
o: unixmen
dc: unixmen

# admin, unixmen.com
dn: cn=admin,dc=unixmen,dc=com
objectClass: simpleSecurityObject
objectClass: organizationalRole
cn: admin
description: LDAP administrator

# sales, unixmen.com
dn: ou=sales,dc=unixmen,dc=com
objectClass: organizationalUnit
objectClass: top
ou: sales

# senthil kumar, sales, unixmen.com
dn: cn=senthil kumar,ou=sales,dc=unixmen,dc=com
cn: senthil kumar
givenName: senthil
sn: kumar
objectClass: inetOrgPerson
objectClass: top

# search result
search: 2
result: 0 Success

# numResponses: 5
# numEntries: 4

For questions please refer to our Q/A forum at : http://ask.unixmen.com/

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