Install Apache With SSL in Ubuntu 13.10

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In this short tutorial let me show you how to install Apache with SSL support. My testbox details are given below:

The  System info

root@ubuntu-unixmen:~# ifconfig
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 08:00:27:b8:b4:87
inet addr:10.1.1.110 Bcast:10.1.1.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
inet6 addr: fe80::a00:27ff:feb8:b487/64 Scope:Link
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:1738 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:69 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:168845 (168.8 KB) TX bytes:9767 (9.7 KB)
root@ubuntu-unixmen:~# cat /etc/issue
Ubuntu 13.10 \n \l

Install   apache

sudo apt-get install apache2 apache2-doc apache2-utils
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree 
Reading state information... Done
The following extra packages will be installed:
apache2-bin apache2-data libapr1 libaprutil1 libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3 libaprutil1-ldap ssl-cert

Test  apache page

Open up the browser and navigate to http://ip-address/. You should see something like this.

apache2-ubuntuCreate diretory

Create a directory called ssl.

sudo mkdir /etc/apache2/ssl

Create a self-signed certificate

sudo openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout /etc/apache2/ssl/apache.key -out /etc/apache2/ssl/apache.crt
Generating a 2048 bit RSA private key.......................................................................................+++....................................+++writing new private key to '/etc/apache2/ssl/apache.key'-----You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporatedinto your certificate request.What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blankFor some fields there will be a default value,If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.-----Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:

Activate Apache SSL module

Run the following command to enable ssl mode.

$ a2enmod ssl
Considering dependency setenvif for ssl:
Module setenvif already enabled
Considering dependency mime for ssl:
Module mime already enabled
Considering dependency socache_shmcb for ssl:
Enabling module socache_shmcb.
Enabling module ssl

Edit /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/default-ssl.conf fie,

<VirtualHost 10.1.1.110:443>
ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
ServerName www.unixmen.com:443

SSLEngine on
SSLCertificateFile /etc/apache2/ssl/apache.crt
SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/apache2/ssl/apache.key

Activate Apache default ssl virtual host:

a2ensite default-ssl
Enabling site default-ssl.
To activate the new configuration, you need to run:
service apache2 reload

Restart Apache:

sudo service apache2 restart

 Test SSL Connection

Open browser and navigate to https://IP-address.

apache-certYou’re done. Cheers!