Getting Debian 7.0 ‘Wheezy’ Up and Running

Getting Debian 7.0 ‘Wheezy’ Up and Running

Now that you have installed Debian 7.0 ‘Wheezy’ and got yourself comfortable with it, it’s now time to get some software installed on to your system system.

The first things you’ll need to do is update the repository source list. You can easily do this by performing the following with your /etc/apt/sources.list:

debian% su
debian% nano /etc/apt/sources.list

This will bring up the APT repository source list in your terminal. Paste the following content in to the file:

deb main contrib non-free

deb wheezy-updates main contrib non-free

deb wheezy/updates main contrib non-free

#Oracle VM VirtualBox

deb wheezy contrib non-free

Now update APT:

debian% apt-get update

apt-get upgrade

Install any updates that are required. With the new repositories that we have added to your Debian system, you should now be able to install the software required to get your system ready for desktop use.

Most Debian installation configurations will come with at least Iceweasel web browser installed. Iceweasel is Debian’s unbranded and free web browser based on Mozilla Firefox.

Or if you prefer Chromium as your web browser, just use the same command but with chromium-browser:

debian% apt-get install chromium-browser

To complement your web browser of choice, it’s always a good idea to install Flash Player. You can do this by the following:

debian% apt-get install flashplugin-nonfree

And of course, you’re going to need an email client to handle all your emails.

To complement Iceweasel, you should also install the email client based on Mozilla Thunderbird, called Icedove. This can easily be done by running:

debian% apt-get install icedove

To get you started with multimedia, we will install VLC Media Player. Enter the following in to your terminal:

debian% apt-get install vlc

And for image editing, you will probably want GIMP

debian% apt-get install gimp

For those spreadsheets and documents, this is easily handled by installing LibreOffice:

debian% apt-get install libreoffice

An often forgotten package that I find is essential for any Linux operating system is p7zip. You can install the p7zip package and additional packages to complement it and add extra compression functionality, use the following:

debian% apt-get install p7zip-full rar unrar xz-utils

This will keep you covered on most bases when it comes to the most common compression formats for archives.

And finally, you will have noticed that in the APT sources file, we added the official Oracle VM VirtualBox repository. This allows us to install and update VirtualBox directly using APT. You can install VirtualBox by using the following:

debian% apt-get install dkms virtualbox

Feel free to install any other software on your new Debian 7.0 ‘Wheezy’ system. With the repositories that we’ve added, you should find almost anything that you need will be available from them. But from what we have outlined above, it should be enough to get most users up and running with a basic Debian desktop system in no time.

  • Damien

    How should source.lists be at final?
    It says that some stuff are repeated

  • Chrisjones

    Delete everything already in your file and only have what I have outlined in this article. And it should work just fine.

  • Ruel Smith

    The problem I have with pure Debian is that it simply feels disconnected. It doesn’t have the polished feel that Ubuntu or Linux Mint has as a distro. It feels more like a bunch of parts.

  • Chrisjones

    Are you kidding me? Debian is the opposite. Especially the ‘Wheezy’ release. It’s about as polished as Linux can get, albeit raw.

  • Anon

    Is it better to use debian bacports than the testing repository you suggest?

  • Chrisjones

    This was a mistake. Thanks for pointing this out, I have amended the article. I don’t recommend using the “Testing” repository in addition to the “Stable” repository.

  • Anon

    Im logging into gnome-clasic and there are no desktop icons such as the rubbish bin. Is there an option somewhere to enable this?

  • zimbi

    Instead of in your sources.list I’d recommend to use the Debian mirrors HTTP redirector! This will automatically ensure that no outdated mirrors will be used and will result in faster downloading due to parallel downloads.

  • silemmo

    Nooo ! Don’t do that, please stay free and ethical (the article suggest to add non-free repos. If you really have issues do it case by case. The top 3 issues 1. Wifi 2. Graphics 3. Flash (if outside of youtube). Learn more about freedom or (totally free based on ubuntu). Thanks it’s not advertisement it’s defending an ethical point.

  • karatedog

    This article will help you understand “free” in Debian:

    The non-free does not mean that it is not free. If it was not free, you would have to pay for it, or do you think Debian would suggest you stole something?

    It is not free for Debian to distribute it on its install image, but it is free for the individual user to install. Some software is only allowed to be freely used by people, but companies would have to pay for it, a lot of video/audio codecs fall in this category.

  • Frak

    To enable Desktop Icons and Right Click Do:

    Open dconf by pressing alt + f2 and running:


    Go to org > gnome > desktop > background and check the box to show desktop icons.