Install LEMP Server (Nginx, MariaDB and PHP-FPM) on openSUSE 13.1

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LEMP is a combination of operating system and open-source software stack. The acronym LEMP is derived from first letters of Linux, Nginx HTTP Server, MySQL/MariaDB database, and PHP or Perl or Python. We already have shown you how to install LAMP on many platforms.

In this tutorial i will describe how to install nginx, MariaDB and PHP on openSUSE 13.1.

Install Nginx

Nginx (pronounced as engine-x) is a free, open-source, high-performance HTTP server and reverse proxy, as well as an IMAP/POP3 proxy server written by Igor Sysoev. According to netcraft web server survey 14.08% web sites are served by Nginx.

Nginx is found in the official openSUSE repository, so let us install Nginx with following command:

zypper in nginx

Start Nginx and make it to start automatically on every reboot:

systemctl start nginx.service
systemctl enable nginx.service

Stop Apache or any other web servers if you have any:

systemctl stop apache2.service
systemctl disable apache2.service

By default webserver is accessible as localhost. If you want to access it from a remote machine, you should allow webserver default port 80 through your firewall/router.

nano /etc/sysconfig/SuSEfirewall2

Add the following line in it.

[...]
FW_CONFIGURATIONS_EXT="apache2"
[...]

Restart firewall:

systemctl restart SuSEfirewall2.service

Test Apache

Create a new index.html file under /srv/www/htdocs/,

nano /srv/www/htdocs/index.htm

Add the following line.

<html><body><h1>Welcome to my website!</h1></body></html>

Open your web browser and navigate to http://localhost/ or http://server-ip-address/.

Mozilla Firefox_001Nginx web server has been installed now.

Configure Nginx

Open the file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf and set the worker_processes (i.e No. of CPU’s in your system).

nano /etc/nginx/nginx.conf 

To see the no. of CPU’s, use the command “lscpu”. In my case it’s “1″. So I set this as ’1′:

[...]
worker_processes 1;
[...]

Define the virtual hosts information in server section.

[...]
server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  localhost;

        #charset koi8-r;

        #access_log  /var/log/nginx/host.access.log  main;

        location / {
            root   /srv/www/htdocs/;
            index  index.html index.htm;
        }

        #error_page  404              /404.html;

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   /srv/www/htdocs/;
        }

        # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
        #}

        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        #Uncomment or copy/paste the following lines
        location ~ \.php$ {
            root           /srv/www/htdocs/;
            fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
            include        fastcgi_params;
        }

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        #location ~ /\.ht {
        #    deny  all;
        #}
    }
[...]

Save and close the file. Restart Nginx service:

systemctl restart nginx.restart

Install MariaDB

MariaDB is a drop in replacement for MySQL. It is a robust, scalable and reliable SQL server that comes rich set of enhancements.

Now start installing MariaDB:

zypper in mariadb

Start MariaDB service and let it to start automatically on every reboot:

systemctl start mysql.service
systemctl enable mysql.service

Set MySQL root password

By default MySWL root password is empty. So to prevent unauthorized access to MySQL, let us set root user password:

mysql_secure_installation 

Sample output:

/usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation: line 379: find_mysql_client: command not found

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
      SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MariaDB, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none): 
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB
root user without the proper authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n] y
New password: 
Re-enter new password: 
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
 ... Success!

By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] 
 ... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] 
 ... Success!

By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] 
 - Dropping test database...
 ... Success!
 - Removing privileges on test database...
 ... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] 
 ... Success!

Cleaning up...

All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MariaDB!

Install PHP

PHP (recursive acronym for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) is a widely used open-source general purpose scripting language that is especially suited for web development and can be embedded into HTML.

Install PHP with following command:

zypper in php5-fpm

Before start php5-fpm service, let us rename the file /etc/php5/fpm/php-fpm.conf.default to /etc/php5/fpm/php-fpm.conf.

mv /etc/php5/fpm/php-fpm.conf.default /etc/php5/fpm/php-fpm.conf

Open up php-fpm.conf file,

nano /etc/php5/fpm/php-fpm.conf

and change the user and group values from nobody to nginx:

; Unix user/group of processes
; Note: The user is mandatory. If the group is not set, the default user's group
;       will be used.
user = nginx
group = nginx

Save and close the file.

Open file /etc/php5//fpm/php-fpm.conf,

nano /etc/php5//fpm/php-fpm.conf

Find the line error_log. Uncomment and set the value as /var/log/php-fpm.log.

[...]
error_log = /var/log/php-fpm.log
[...]

There is no php.ini file for php-fpm on openSUSE 13.1, so let us copy it from /etc/php5/cli/ to /etc/php5/fpm/ as shown below.

cp /etc/php5/cli/php.ini /etc/php5/fpm/

Now edit file /etc/php5/fpm/php.ini,

nano /etc/php5/fpm/php.ini

Find the line cgi.fix_pathinfo, uncomment it and change the value from 1 to 0 (zero):

[...]
cgi.fix_pathinfo=0
[...]

Save and close the file.

Now start php-fpm service.

systemctl start php-fpm.service
systemctl enable php-fpm.service

Test PHP

Create a sample “testphp.php” file in Apache document root folder and append the lines as shown below:

nano /srv/www/htdocs/testphp.php

Add the following line in it.

<?php
phpinfo();
?>

Restart nginx service:

systemctl restart nginx.service

Navigate to  http://server-ip-address/testphp.php. It will display all the details about php such as version, build date and commands etc.

phpinfo() - Mozilla Firefox_002If you want to install all PHP modules, enter the command zypper in php* and restart the Nginx service. To verify for the modules, open up your eb browser and navigate to http://server-ip-address/testphp.php. You will able to see all PHP modules.

Install phpMyAdmin (Optional)

phpMyAdmin is a free open-source web interface tool used to manage your MySQL databases.phpMyAdmin is available in the openSUSE default repositories. So let us install it using command:

zypper in phpmyadmin

phpMyAdmin is found under /srv/www/htdocs/ directory. We need it under /usr/share/ directory. So Let us create a symlink using the following command:

ln -s /srv/www/htdocs/phpMyAdmin/ /usr/share/phpmyadmin

Then open the nginx.conf file,

nano /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

Add the lines shown in red colour within the server {} section.

server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  localhost;
[...]
location /phpmyadmin {
               root /usr/share/;
               index index.php index.html index.htm;
               location ~ ^/phpmyadmin/(.+\.php)$ {
                       try_files $uri =404;
                       root /usr/share/;
                       fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
                       fastcgi_index index.php;
                       fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
                       include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;
               }
               location ~* ^/phpmyadmin/(.+\.(jpg|jpeg|gif|css|png|js|ico|html|xml|txt))$ {
                       root /usr/share/;
               }
        }
        location /phpMyAdmin {
               rewrite ^/* /phpmyadmin last;
        }
[...]
}

Save and close the file. Restart nginx service.

systemctl restart nginx.service

Now navigate to http://localhost/phpMyAdmin or http://ip-address/phpMyAdmin. You should see the following like screen. Enter the mysql root username and root user password.

phpMyAdmin - Mozilla Firefox_003This is how your phpMyAdmin Dashboard looks.

192.168.1.101 - localhost | phpMyAdmin 4.0.7 - Mozilla Firefox_004Now you will able to manage mysql databases graphically using phpMyAdmin.

That’s it. You should have a working LEMP server now. Congrats!

For questions please refer to our Q/A forum at : http://ask.unixmen.com/

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