Install LAMP Server (Apache, MySQL or MariaDB, PHP) On Ubuntu 13.10

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Updated January 12, 2014

LAMP is a combination of operating system and open-source software stack. The acronym LAMP is derived from first letters of Linux, Apache HTTP Server, MySQL database, and PHP, Perl or Python. We already have shown you how to install LAMP on many platforms.

In this tutorial, let us install LAMP server on Ubuntu 13.10 Server edition. My testbox hostname and IP address are server.unixmen.com and 192.168.1.101/24, respectively.

Install Apache

Apache is an open-source multi-platform web server. It provides a full range of web server features including CGI, SSL and virtual domains.

To install Apache, enter the following command from your terminal:

sudo apt-get install apache2

Test Apache:

Open your web browser and navigate to http://localhost/ or http://server-ip-address/.

Mozilla Firefox_001Install MySQL

MySQL is a relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases, though SQLite probably has more total embedded deployments

sudo apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client

During installation, you’ll be asked to setup the MySQL root user password. Enter the password and click Ok.

sk@server: ~_002Re-enter the password.

sk@server: ~_003Now MySQL server has been installed.

You can verify the MySQL server status using command:

sudo service mysql status

Sample output:

mysql start/running, process 3901

Note: If you want to use MariaDB instead of MySQL, then follow these steps to install MariaDB on Ubuntu 13.10 server.

Install MariaDB

MariaDB is a drop in replacement for MySQL. It is a robust, scalable and reliable SQL server that comes rich set of enhancements.

First you have to remove existing MySQL packages if any. To completely uninstall MySQL with configuration files, enter the following command:

sudo apt-get purge mysql*

Run the following command to remove unwanted packages.

sudo apt-get autoremove

Now add MariaDB PPA to install it.

Run the following commands to add PPA.

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 0xcbcb082a1bb943db
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb http://ftp.yz.yamagata-u.ac.jp/pub/dbms/mariadb/repo/5.5/ubuntu saucy main'

Update the software sources list and install MariaDB using following commands:

sudo apt-get update 
sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

During installation you will be asked to set mysql ‘root’ user password.

sk@server: ~_001Re-enter password:

sk@server: ~_002You can check the MariaDB version using command:

mysql -v

Sample output:

Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 34
Server version: 5.5.33a-MariaDB-1~raring-log mariadb.org binary distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle, Monty Program Ab and others.

Reading history-file /home/sk/.mysql_history
Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

Check if mariadb is running or not, using the following command:

sudo service mysql status

Sample output:

* /usr/bin/mysqladmin  Ver 9.0 Distrib 5.5.33a-MariaDB, for debian-linux-gnu on i686
Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle, Monty Program Ab and others.

Server version        5.5.33a-MariaDB-1~raring-log
Protocol version    10
Connection        Localhost via UNIX socket
UNIX socket        /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
Uptime:            1 min 53 sec

Threads: 1  Questions: 550  Slow queries: 0  Opens: 314  Flush tables: 4  Open tables: 22  Queries per second avg: 4.867

Install PHP

PHP (recursive acronym for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) is a widely used open-source general purpose scripting language that is especially suited for web development and can be embedded into HTML.

Install PHP with following command:

sudo apt-get install php5 php5-mysql libapache2-mod-php5 

Test PHP

Create a sample “testphp.php” file in Apache document root folder.

sudo nano /var/www/testphp.php

Add the following lines.

<?php
phpinfo();
?>

Restart apache2 service:

sudo service apache2 restart

Navigate to  http://server-ip-address/testphp.php. It will display all the details about php such as version, build date and commands etc.

phpinfo() - Mozilla Firefox_004If you want to install all php modules, enter the command sudo apt-get install php* and restart the apache2 service. To verify for the modules, open web browser and navigate to http://server-ip-address/testphp.php. You will able to see all php modules.

Manage MySQL Databases (Optional)

Install phpMyAdmin:

phpMyAdmin is a free open-source web interface tool used to manage your MySQL databases. It is available in the Official Debian repositories. So install it with command:

sudo apt-get install phpmyadmin

Select the Web server you use, in my case it is apache2.

sk@server: ~_005Select Yes to configure database for phpmyadmin wjth dbconfig-common.

sk@server: ~_006sk@server: ~_007Enter password of the database’s administrative user.

sk@server: ~_008Enter MySQL application password phpmyadmin.

sk@server: ~_009Re-enter the password.

sk@server: ~_010The phpMyAdmin installation has been completed.

Access phpMyAdmin Web Console

Now you can access the phpmyadmin console by navigating to http://server-ip-address/phpmyadmin/ from your browser.

Enter your MySQL username and password which you have given in previous steps. In my case its “root” and “ubuntu”.

phpMyAdmin - Mozilla Firefox_011You will be redirected to PhpMyAdmin main web interface.

192.168.1.101 - localhost | phpMyAdmin 4.0.6deb1 - Mozilla Firefox_012Now you can manage your MySQL databases from phpMyAdmin web interface.

That’s it. Your LAMP server is up and running now.

For questions please refer to our Q/A forum at : http://ask.unixmen.com/

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