Install LAMP Server (Apache, MariaDB and PHP) on openSUSE 13.1

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LAMP is a combination of operating system and open-source software stack. The acronym LAMP is derived from first letters of Linux, Apache HTTP Server, MariaDB database, and PHP, Perl or Python.

In this tutorial, i will describe how to install LAMP server on openSUSE 13.1.

Install Apache

Apache is an open-source multi-platform web server. It provides a full range of web server features including CGI, SSL and virtual domains.

To install Apache, enter the following command from your terminal:

zypper in apache2

Start the Apache service and let it to start automatically on every reboot:

systemctl start apache2.service
systemctl enable apache2.service

By default webserver is accessible as localhost. If you want to access it from a remote machine, you should allow Apache server default port 80 through your firewall/router.

nano /etc/sysconfig/SuSEfirewall2

Add the following line in it.

[...]
FW_CONFIGURATIONS_EXT="apache2"
[...]

Restart firewall:

systemctl restart SuSEfirewall2.service

Test Apache

Create a new index.html file under /srv/www/htdocs/,

nano /srv/www/htdocs/index.htm

Add the following line.

<html><body><h1>Welcome to my website!</h1></body></html>

Open your web browser and navigate to http://localhost/ or http://server-ip-address/.

Mozilla Firefox_001If you see a screen like above, you’re done. Apache server is working.

Install MariaDB

MariaDB is a drop in replacement for MySQL. It is a robust, scalable and reliable SQL server that comes rich set of enhancements.

Now start installing MariaDB:

zypper in mariadb

Start MariaDB service and let it to start automatically on every reboot:

systemctl start mysql.service
systemctl enable mysql.service

Set MySQL root password

By default MySWL root password is empty. So to prevent unauthorized access to MySQL, let us set root user password:

mysql_secure_installation 

Sample output:

/usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation: line 379: find_mysql_client: command not found

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
      SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MariaDB, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none): 
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB
root user without the proper authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n] y
New password: 
Re-enter new password: 
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
 ... Success!

By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] 
 ... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] 
 ... Success!

By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] 
 - Dropping test database...
 ... Success!
 - Removing privileges on test database...
 ... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] 
 ... Success!

Cleaning up...

All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MariaDB!

Install PHP

PHP (recursive acronym for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) is a widely used open-source general purpose scripting language that is especially suited for web development and can be embedded into HTML.

Install PHP with following command:

zypper in php5 php5-mysql apache2-mod_php5

Test PHP

Create a sample “testphp.php” file in Apache document root folder and append the lines as shown below:

nano /srv/www/htdocs/testphp.php

Add the following line in it.

<?php
phpinfo();
?>

Restart apache2 service:

systemctl restart apache2.service

Navigate to  http://server-ip-address/testphp.php. It will display all the details about php such as version, build date and commands etc.

phpinfo() - Mozilla Firefox_002If you want to install all php modules, enter the command zypper in php* and restart the httpd service. To verify for the modules, open web browser and navigate to http://server-ip-address/testphp.php. You will able to see all php modules.

Install phpMyAdmin (Optional)

phpMyAdmin is a free open-source web interface tool used to manage your MySQL databases.phpMyAdmin is available in the openSUSE default repositories. So let us install it using command:

zypper in phpmyadmin

Now navigate to http://localhost/phpMyAdmin or http://ip-address/phpMyAdmin and enter the mysql root username and root password.

phpMyAdmin - Mozilla Firefox_003That’s it. Now you can manage Mariadb graphically using phpmyadmin.

192.168.1.53 - localhost | phpMyAdmin 4.0.7 - Mozilla Firefox_004Note: If you can’t access phpmyadmin from your browser, just create a alias as shown below.

Edit phpMyAdmin.conf file,

nano /etc/apache2/conf.d/phpMyAdmin.conf

Add the line shown in red colour at the beginning.

Alias /phpMyAdmin /srv/www/htdocs/phpMyAdmin

<Directory /srv/www/htdocs/phpMyAdmin>
  Options FollowSymLinks
  AllowOverride None
  <IfModule mod_php5.c>
    php_admin_flag register_globals off
    php_admin_flag magic_quotes_gpc off
    php_admin_flag allow_url_include off
    php_admin_flag allow_url_fopen off
    php_admin_flag zend.ze1_compatibility_mode off
    php_admin_flag safe_mode Off
    php_admin_value open_basedir "/srv/www/htdocs/phpMyAdmin:/var/lib/php5:/tmp$
    # customize suhosin
    php_admin_value suhosin.post.max_array_index_length 256
    php_admin_value suhosin.post.max_totalname_length 8192
[...]

Now reboot apache service.

systemctl restart apache2.service

You can access phpMyAdmin now without any issue.

At this stage, you have a working LAMP server. Good Luck!

For questions please refer to our Q/A forum at : http://ask.unixmen.com/

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