Install LAMP Server (Apache, MariaDB, And PHP) On Mageia 4

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LAMP is a combination of operating system and open-source software stack. The acronym LAMP is derived from the first letters of Linux, Apache HTTP Server, MySQL/MariaDB database, and PHP/Perl/Python.

In this tutorial, let us see how to install Apache, MariaDB and PHP on Mageia 4. As you may know already, Mageia is a fork of Mandriva Distribution.

Install Apache

Apache is an open-source, multi-platform web server. It provides a full range of web server features including CGI, SSL and virtual domains.

Change to root user using the following command:

$ su

Enter the following command to install Apache:

# urpmi apache

Enable and Start the Apache service using the following command:

# systemctl enable httpd.service # systemctl start httpd.service

Configure firewall to allow web server access from remote clients.

# drakfirewall

Select Web server and click Ok.

Mageia 4 Desktop [Running] - Oracle VM VirtualBox_001

Click Ok to continue.

Mageia 4 Desktop [Running] - Oracle VM VirtualBox_002

Select Network interface and click Ok.

Mageia 4 Desktop [Running] - Oracle VM VirtualBox_003

Now you can access your web server from the remote clients.

Test Apache

Open up your browser and enter http://ip-address/ in the address bar. You will see the following Apache default page.

It works! - Mozilla Firefox_004

Install MariaDB

MariaDB is a drop in replacement for MySQL. It is a robust, scalable and reliable SQL server that comes rich set of enhancements. The default database in Fedora 19 is MariaDB.

Install it using the following command:

# urpmimariadbmariadb-client 

Enable MySQL service at boot time with the following command:

# systemctl enable mysqld.service

And start MySQL service using command:

# systemctl start mysqld.service

Set MariaDB root password

By default MySQL root password is empty. So to prevent unauthorized access to MySQL, let us set a root user password:

# mysql_secure_installation 
/usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation: line 379: find_mysql_client: command not found

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
      SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MariaDB, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none): 
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB
root user without the proper authorisation.

You already have a root password set, so you can safely answer 'n'.

Change the root password? [Y/n] y
New password: 
Re-enter new password: 
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
 ... Success!

By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] 
 ... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] 
 ... Success!

By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] 
 - Dropping test database...
ERROR 1008 (HY000) at line 1: Can't drop database 'test'; database doesn't exist
 ... Failed!  Not critical, keep moving...
 - Removing privileges on test database...
 ... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] 
 ... Success!

Cleaning up...

All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MariaDB!

Install PHP

PHP (recursive acronym for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) is a widely used open-source general purpose scripting language that is especially suited for web development and can be embedded into HTML.

Install PHP with following command:

# urpmiphp

Test PHP

Create a sample “testphp.php” file in the Apache document root folder and append the lines as shown below:

# nano /var/www/html/testphp.php

Add the following lines:

<?php
phpinfo();
?>

Restart serviceapache :

# systemctl restart httpd.service

Navigate to http://server-ip-address/testphp.php. It will display all the details about PHP such as version, build date and commands etc.

phpinfo() - Mozilla Firefox_005

Install PHP Modules

Search for the available PHP modules using the following command:

# urpmfphp

Now install the required modules, for example php-mysql, using the following command:

# urpmiphp-mysql

Restart the Apache service.

# systemctl restart httpd.service 

To verify the modules, open your web browser and navigate to http://server-ip-address/testphp.php. You will able to see the newly installed (ex.MySQL) PHP modules.

phpinfo() - Mozilla Firefox_006

That’s it. Your LAMP server is up and ready to use.

Cheers!

For questions please refer to our Q/A forum at : http://ask.unixmen.com/


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