LAMP is a combination of operating system and open-source software stack. The acronym LAMP is derived from first letters of Linux, Apache HTTP Server, MySQL database, and PHP, Perl or Python. We already have shown you how to install LAMP on many platforms.
In this tutorial, let us install LAMP server on Debian 7 ‘Wheezy’. My testbox hostname and IP address are server.unixmen.com and 192.168.1.200/24, respectively.
Apache is an open-source multi-platform web server. It provides a full range of web server features including CGI, SSL and virtual domains.
To install Apache, enter the following command from your terminal:
# apt-get install apache2
Open your web browser and navigate to http://localhost/ or http://server-ip-address/.
MySQL is a relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases, though SQLite probably has more total embedded deployments
# apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client
Set MySQL root password
By default MySQL root password is empty. So to prevent unauthorized access to MySQL, let us set root user password:
NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY! In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we'll need the current password for the root user. If you've just installed MySQL, and you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank, so you should just press enter here. Enter current password for root (enter for none): Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL root user without the proper authorisation. You already have a root password set, so you can safely answer 'n'. Change the root password? [Y/n] y New password: Re-enter new password: Password updated successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success! By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] ... Success! Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] ... Success! By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] - Dropping test database... ... Success! - Removing privileges on test database... ... Success! Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] ... Success! Cleaning up... All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MySQL installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MySQL!
PHP (recursive acronym for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) is a widely used open-source general purpose scripting language that is especially suited for web development and can be embedded into HTML.
Install PHP with following command:
# apt-get install php5 php5-mysql libapache2-mod-php5
Create a sample “testphp.php” file in Apache document root folder.
# nano /var/www/testphp.php
Add the following lines.
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
Restart apache2 service:
# service apache2 restart
Navigate to http://server-ip-address/testphp.php. It will display all the details about php such as version, build date and commands etc.
If you want to install all php modules, enter the command apt-get install php* and restart the apache2 service. To verify for the modules, open web browser and navigate to http://server-ip-address/testphp.php. You will able to see all php modules.
Install phpMyAdmin (Optional)
phpMyAdmin is a free open-source web interface tool used to manage your MySQL databases. It is available in the Official Debian repositories. So install it with command:
# apt-get install phpmyadmin
Select the Web server you use, in my case it is apache2.
Select Yes to configure database for phpmyadmin wjth dbconfig-common.
Access phpMyAdmin Web Console
Now you can access the phpmyadmin console by navigating to http://server-ip-address/phpmyadmin/ from your browser.
Enter your MySQL username and password which you have given in previous steps. In my case its “root” and “debian”.
That’s it. Your LAMP server is up and running now.