How to install LEMP on Fedora 17

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In this post we will see  a compatible alternative to the “LAMP” (Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP) , known as “LEMP”  (Linux, Nginx, MySQL, PHP) . The LEMP replaces the Apache web server component with nginx  which can increase the ability of the server to scale in response to demand.

1- Installing MySQL

First we install MySQL 5 like this:

yum install mysql mysql-server

- Create the system startup links for Mysqld  and start it

systemctl enable mysqld.service
systemctl start mysqld.service

- Set  root  MySQL password  with

mysql_secure_installation
#or
mysqladmin -u root password “newpassword”

2- Installing Nginx

Before  to install Nginx  you have  to remove  any   other  apache  application with  yum  remove  httpd

Nginx is available as a package for Fedora 17

yum install nginx

- Create the system startup links for nginx and start it:

systemctl enable nginx.service
systemctl start nginx.service

Now  open the  browser  and  open  http://ip

3- Install php5  PHP-FPM 5.4

 yum install php php-fpm php-common

-Install Php modules

yum install install php-pecl-apc php-cli php-pear php-pdo php-mysql php-pgsql php-pecl-mongo
php-sqlite php-pecl-memcache php-pecl-memcached php-gd php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-xml

- Now    edit  /etc/php.ini  and  set.

date_timezone = "Europe/Amsterdam"
cgi.fix_pathinfo=0

- Create the system start-up links for php-fpm and start it:

systemctl enable php-fpm.service
systemctl start php-fpm.service

Now  edit  nginx  to  run php  pages

 vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf

and  make it like this :

###################################################
 server {
 listen       80;
 server_name  _;
#charset koi8-r;
#access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;
location / {
root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
index  index.php index.html index.htm;
}
error_page  404              /404.html;
location = /404.html {
root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
}
# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
#
error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
}
# proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
#    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
#}
# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
 #
 #location ~ \.php$ {
 #    root           html;
 #    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
 #    fastcgi_index  index.php;
 #    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
 #    include        fastcgi_params;
 #}
 location ~ \.php$ {
 try_files $uri =404;
 root           /usr/share/nginx/html;
 fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
 fastcgi_index  index.php;
 fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
 include        fastcgi_params;
 }
 # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
 # concurs with nginx's one
 #
 #location ~ /\.ht {
 #    deny  all;
 #}
 location ~ /\.ht {
 deny  all;
 }
 }
 ######################################################################################

Now  check  phpinfo  page
edit /usr/share/nginx/html/info.php
and  add

<?php
 phpinfo();
 ?>

save and exit

Now  open  http:/ip/info.php

4-Install  PhpMyAdmin

If  you you want  topmake phpmyadmin working  with  Nginx   dont forget to add this  to /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf

Alias for phpMyAdmin (after the commented section about PHP)

location /phpMyAdmin {
 alias   /usr/share/phpMyAdmin;
 index  index.php index.html index.htm;
 }

PHP Configuration for phpMyAdmin

location ~ /phpMyAdmin/.*\.php$ {
 fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
 fastcgi_index  index.php;
 fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /usr/share/$uri;
 fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
 include        fastcgi_params;
 }

Reload  Nginx  anad  enjoy

For questions please refer to our Q/A forum at : http://ask.unixmen.com/


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