Compiz is one of the first compositing window managers for the X Window System that is able to take advantage of OpenGL-acceleration. The integration allows it to perform compositing effects in window management, such as a minimization effect and a cube workspace. Compiz conforms to the ICCCM standard and as such can substitute for the default Metacity in GNOME or KWin in KDE. Compiz brings some of the features found in competitors, such as Exposé in Apple’s Mac OS X and a new Alt-Tab application-switcher, similar to the one found in Microsoft’s Windows Vista. Compiz is built on the Composite extension to X and the GLX_EXT_texture_from_pixmap extension to OpenGL.
Compiz was released by Novell in January 2006 in the wake of a new Xgl version.(1)
If you want to configure compiz in ubuntu 12.10 Quantal Quetzal , you need to install CompizConfig Settings Manager.
Open Terminal and type the following command, you can also install the application bellow from Ubuntu software Center. This command will install Compizconfig setting managers and extra plugins for compiz :
sudo apt-get install compiz compizconfig-settings-manager compiz-plugins
After installation is done, we have to start and configure compiz using custom settings, go to dash home and type compiz
Now you will have this screen, now you can activate the effect you want to use:
You can configure animations, effects, desktop (Cube), for exemple to activate Rotate cube, go to Desktop and choose rotate cube.